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Draghi - Flows from Outside Euro Area Part of Reason Why We See Buoyant Market for Bonds
DRAGHI - FLOWS FROM OUTSIDE EURO AREA PART OF REASON WHY WE SEE BUOYANT MARKET FOR BONDSThe material has been provided by InstaForex Company - www.instaforex.com
JMP Pro for linear mixed models — Part 3
This is the final post in my JMP for Linear Mixed Models series (see my earlier posts: Part 1 and Part 2). Here, I will show an example of spatial regression, followed by some tips for fitting mixed models in JMP Pro. Example 4: Modeling geospatial data — taking spatial correlation into account Just as repeated measures are correlated over time spatial data are likely correlated in space — that is, measurements that are relatively close together are more alike than those farther apart. Thus, we need to take spatial dependency into account in the analysis. Spatial data are recorded along with coordinates such as latitude and longitude, positions of row and column, north-south and east-west directions. The distance between two measurements is calculated using a Euclidean distance function, which is used to form a covariance structure. If a distance function doesn't depend on the directions of measurements, then the covariance is said to be isotropic; otherwise, it is anisotropic. In addition, a nugget effect can be added to account for abrupt changes over small distances in a local area. JMP Pro provides four Euclidean distance functions for isotropic structures: power, exponential, Gaussian and spherical. Various forms of anisotropic structures are available. A nugget effect can also be added to covariance structures. The following example is taken from SAS for Mixed Models (2nd Edition, 2006, pp. 457-460). In order to investigate the water drainage at a hazardous waste disposal site, 30 samples were taken at various locations at the site and recorded by their north-south and east-west directions. A linear relationship between water drainage (measured by log-transmissivity) and the thickness of a layer of salt was proposed. (The data, Data Set 11.6, Hazardous Waste, is available in a zip file from SAS.) I fit the following spatial regression model using a spatial anisotropic power structure with a nugget effect. This structure allows (1) distance to be a power function of spatial correlation, (2) spatial correlations to differ in different directions and (3) variation over small distances. In the Repeated Effects Covariance Parameter Estimate, two spatial correlation estimates, 0.81 (East-West) and 0.91 (North-South), are highly significant. However, the estimated nugget effect is not statistically significant. Fixed Effects Parameter Estimates show a significant negative effect on water drainage of thickness of salt. I refit the model without a nugget effect. We notice some minor changes in the covariance and fixed effect estimates: The estimated spatial correlations are 0.86 and 0.82, respectively, and the effect of thickness of salt is -0.021. Comparing the goodness of fit using AICc, the second model is slightly better as its AICs is smaller (84.7 vs. 86.4). To formally test the existence of spatial correlation, we fit an independent errors model by selecting Residual as the structure (i.e., assuming no spatial correlation). The difference in -2 Residual Log Likelihood value between two models forms a χ2 likelihood ratio test. The -2 Residual Log Likelihood from the independent errors model (not shown here) is 94.07, so the difference is 13.72 (=94.07-80.35). This yields a p-value of 0.001 for DF=2. Therefore, significant spatial correlation is found at this site. Conclusion and tips By now, I hope I have demonstrated the versatility of mixed models and ease of fitting a mixed model in JMP. Before I close, I’d like to offer some general tips: In order to run a mixed model, data needs to be organized in a “tall and skinny” format where multiple measures of a response are stacked into a single column. If your data is in a “short and wide” format, use the JMP Tables function Stack to transpose. Follow the JMP Repeated Covariance Structure Requirements when entering Repeated and Subject columns. Try different covariance structures and evaluate different models by comparing AICc or BIC. The smaller the AICc (or BIC), the better the fit of a model. Ceteris paribus, a parsimonious model is better. An independent errors model (i.e., a model with fixed effects only and a residual repeated structure) can serve as a baseline model for performing a χ2 likelihood ratio test on the existence of a covariance e structure as shown above. When both random effects and repeated effects are include in a model, there is often insufficient data to estimate both effects. For example, JMP doesn't allow random effects when an unstructured covariance is selected. Finally, I will be presenting a live webcast, Linear Mixed Models Using JMP Pro, on July 17 at 2 p.m. EDT. You are welcome to attend. (Acknowledgement: I would like to thank Christopher Gotwalt and Laura Lancaster for their help.)
SEO 05 Part Doble
SESION 05 LA PARTIDA DOBLE La partida doble, es un sistema de contabilidad que permite registrar una operación mercantil doblemente, una llamada DEUDORA y otra llamada ACREEDORA. El importe de la cuenta deudora será registrada como cargo en el DEBE y el importe de la cuenta acredita será registrado como abono en el HABER. La suma de los valores anotados en el DEBE como cargo serán iguales a la suma de los valores anotados en el HABER como abono. PART
Forum Post: external crystal oscillator not working
HI, I am using MSP430F6736 Microcontroller for energy measurement,I am facing issue like as external crystal oscillator not working (Part Number-Q 0,032768-SMQ32SL-6-20-T1-LF),I have assembled this crystal at 10 board,It is working 3 boards only out of 10 board,Please give your suggestion to solve this issue. Thanks and Regards, Nagaraj.k
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1
Econ Final EXAM
PART A – Questions 1 – 7 Consider a market where demand is D: P = 30 – Q and supply is S: P = 0.5Q. 1. Equilibrium quantity Qe is a. $17 b. $18 c. $19 d. $20 2. Equilibrium is price Pe a. 10 b. 11 c. 12 d. 13 3. Consumer surplus CS is a. $199 b. $200 c. $201 d. $202 4. Producer surplus PS is a. $98 b. $99 c. $100 d. $101 5. Total surplus TS is a. $220 b. $300 c. $323 d. $444 6. When the government imposes a price floor = $20, disequilibrium between quantity demanded and quantity supplied results in a. Deficit = 10 b. Surplus = 10 c. Deficit = 30 d. Surplus = 30 7. Total surplus TS’ with the price floor is a. $220 b. $225 c. $230 d. $235 PART B – Questions 8 – 28 Consider a market where demand is D: P = 40 – Q and supply is S: P = Q. 8. Equilibrium quantity Qe is a. 16 b. 18 c. 20 d. 22 9. Equilibrium price Pe is a. $18 b. $20 c. $22 d. $24 10. Consumer surplus CS is a. $198 b. $199 c. $200 d. $201 11. Producer surplus PS is a. $198 b. $199 c. $200 d. $201 12. Total surplus TS is a. $390 b. $394 c. $396 d. $400 Impose a specific tax T = $4 on each unit sold in the above market. 13. Post-tax quantity Q’ is a. 16 b. 18 c. 20 d. 22 14. Post-tax price P’ is a. $18 b. $20 c. $22 d. $24 15. Consumer surplus CS’ is a. $156 b. $158 c. $160 d. $162 16. Producer surplus PS’ is a. $156 b. $158 c. $160 d. $162 17. Tax revenue TR of the government is a. $68 b. $70 c. $72 d. $74 18. Total surplus TS’ is a. $390 b. $394 c. $396 d. $400 Consider a market where demand is: P = 70 – Q and supply is S: P = Q. 19. Equilibrium quantity Qe is a. 35 b. 36 c. 45 d. 56 20. Equilibrium price Pe is a. $34 b. $35 c. $36 d. $37 21. Consumer surplus CS is a. $610 b. $612.5 c. $615 d. $648 22. Producer surplus PS is a. $610 b. $612.5 c. $615 d. $648 23. Total surplus TS is a. $1,222 b. $1,223 c. $1,224 d. $1,225 Construct a budget neutral subsidy in the above market. 24. Post-subsidy quantity Q’ is a. 35 b. 36 c. 45 d. 56 25. Post-subsidy price P’ is a. $34 b. $35 c. $36 d. $37 26. Consumer surplus CS’ is a. $610 b. $612.5 c. $615 d. $648 27. Producer surplus PS’ is a. $610 b. $612.5 c. $615 d. $648 28. Total surplus TS is (do not forget to account for the subsidy expenditure SE) a. $1,222 b. $1,223 c. $1,224 d. $1,225 29. The basic characteristic of the long run is that: A. barriers to entry prevent new firms from entering the industry. B. the firm has sufficient time to change the size of its plant. C. the firm does not have sufficient time to cut its rate of output to zero. D. a firm does not have sufficient time to change the amounts of any of the resources it employs. 30. The law of diminishing returns indicates that: A. as extra units of a variable resource are added to a fixed resource, marginal product will decline beyond some point. B. because of economies and diseconomies of scale a competitive firm's long-run average total cost curve will be U-shaped. C. the demand for goods produced by purely competitive industries is downsloping. D. beyond some point the extra utility derived from additional units of a product will yield the consumer smaller and smaller extra amounts of satisfaction. 31. Variable cost is: A. the cost of producing one more unit of capital, say, machinery. B. any cost which does not change when the firm changes its output. C. average total cost multiplied by the firm's output. D. any cost that rises with output in the short run. 32. In the above figure, curves 1, 2, 3, and 4 represent the: A. ATC, MC, AFC, and AVC curves respectively. B. MC, AFC, AVC, and ATC curves respectively. C. MC, ATC, AVC, and AFC curves respectively. D. ATC, AVC, AFC, and MC curves respectively. 33. Refer to the above data. If product price is $60, the firm will: A. shut down. B. produce 4 units and realize a $120 economic profit. C. produce 6 units and realize a $100 economic profi
Customer : PLTU LONTAR Lingkup Kerja : FABRIKASI SPARE PART Merek : - Rencana lama kerja : 60 hari Equipment type : - Quantity : Electric motor : - Serial number : 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 Pengiriman ke Workshop PT. PGP Plan 2 RUL Engineering Actual 2 Pemb
The International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry © 2009 BY QUINTESSENCE PUBLISHING CO, INC. PRINTING OF THIS DOCUMENT IS RESTRICTED TO PERSONAL USE ONLY. NO PART OF THIS ARTICLE MAY BE REPRODUCED OR TRANSMITTED IN ANY FORM WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION FROM THE PUBLISHER. In the early days of implant dentistry, a two-stage surgery was believed mandatory to provide a submerged, stress-free healing period for the implants to osseointegrate. 1,2 In cases of tooth extraction
FREE: MDI to 30 Pin Cable
Well, almost free. It's yours for the price of shipping: $5.80. Paypal, please. Original from my 2010 GTI. Part # 5N0 035 554. Perfect...
Tallinna linnavalitsus rikub tuntud arhitekti autoriõigusi - Delfi
Linn korraldas Viru tänava lillepaviljoni moderniseerimiskonkursi, kuid osavõtt oli nii kehv, et anti välja ainult kolmas koht.Paviljonide arhitekt Peep Jänes sai oma loomingu "nüüdisajastamisest" juhuslikult teada ajalehest, kuigi tegelikult pidanuks temalt enne luba küsima.Arhitektide liidu hinnangul on toimunu sama mõeldamatu, kui Arvo Pärdi teose pausikohta tellitaks Tanel Padarilt kitarrisoolo.
To be filled up by BIR DLN: Fill in all applicable white spaces. Mark all appropriate boxes with an “X”. 1 Taxpayer Type Local Employee 2 Date of Registration 3 RDO Code Resident Alien Employee Part I Taxpayer / Employee Information 4 TIN 5 Sex Male 6 Citizenship (For Taxpayer w/ existing TIN) Female 7 Taxpayer's Name 8 Date of Birth 9 Local Residence Address 10 Telephone No. 11 Zip Code 12 Municipality Code 13 Foreign Residen
CAPÍTULO 1 PARTE II Ingeniería de yacimientos de Gas – John Lee 1.10 – 1.15 Equipo #2 1.10 PROPIEDADES DEL ACEITE Las correlaciones han sido desarrolladas utilizando sistemas de crudos de varias regiones productoras. Debido a las diferencias en composición, las correlaciones desarrolladas a partir de muestras regionales de una base química predominante pueden generar resultados erróneos cuando se aplican a crudos de otras regiones. Por lo tanto, el uso efectivo de las correlaciones radica en
China's Deployment of Oil Rig in disputed Part of South China Sea "provocative and Unhelpful" to Security in Region -U.s.
CHINA'S DEPLOYMENT OF OIL RIG IN DISPUTED PART OF SOUTH CHINA SEA "PROVOCATIVE AND UNHELPFUL" TO SECURITY IN REGION -U.S. STATE DEPTThe material has been provided by InstaForex Company - www.instaforex.com
1 Part III Bioreaction Kinetics 2 Chapter 8 Kinetics of Homogeneous Bioreactions The heart of a bioprocess is the bioreactor or fermenter, where the major biochemical reactions occur. In many bioprocesses, characteristics of the bioreaction determine to a large extent the economic feasibility of the project. How fast a reaction is happening can be described by its kinetics, therefore, bioreaction kinetics is always playing most important rol
Biobasedeconomyforeuropepart2 Allbrochure Web
Food, Agriculture & Fisheries, & Biotechnology E UROP E AN COMMISSION Research & Innovation projects Studies and reports Bio-based economy in Europe: state of play and future potential - Part 2 Summary of the position papers received in response of the European Commission’s Public on-line consultation EUROPEAN COMMISSION Bio-based economy in Europe: state of play and future potential Part 2 Summary of the position papers received in response to the European Commission’s Public on-line
Hugh Herr’s TED Talk On Bionics Is A Must-Watch
TED Talks have become… varying in quality, but the team behind them still finds some fascinating people to weigh in on some real issues. And one of them is Hugh Herr, one of the scientists pioneering a new world in bionics. Part Man, Part Machine Herr has a deeply personal interest in bionics and prosthetics. […] The post Hugh Herr’s TED Talk On Bionics Is A Must-Watch appeared first on Gadget Review.
La Mansión del Inglés - http://www.mansioningles.com - 1 - WHIRLPOOLS BY HENRYK SIENKIEWICZ PART FIRST. I Gronski arrived at the J astrzeb manor-house about midnight. In the house all were asleep excepting an old servant and the young heir, Ladislaus Krzycki, who awaited his guest with supper and greeted him with great cordiality, for notwithstanding the disparity in their ages they were bound by ties of an old intimacy. It continued from those days when Gronski, as a u
Yellen Cites High Level of Long-Term Unemployment and Number of Americans Working Part Time But Who Want Full-Time Work
YELLEN CITES HIGH LEVEL OF LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT AND NUMBER OF AMERICANS WORKING PART TIME BUT WHO WANT FULL-TIME WORKThe material has been provided by InstaForex Company - www.instaforex.com
How The Samsung Trial Highlights Apple's Cold War With Google
The Platform is a regular column by mobile editor Dan Rowinski. Ubiquitous computing, ambient intelligence and pervasive networks are changing the way humans interact with everything. Apple’s lawyers once again get to lord over Samsung in patent court—even if Apple is only getting a fraction of what it wanted from the Korean smartphone giant. The facts of the Apple vs. Samsung (Part 2) trial, which played out in a California federal court, are tangential at this point. The jury has ruled in Apple’s “favor.” The verdict: Samsung violated three Apple patents and is ordered to pay $119 million in damages. The post-trial talk has been about how this is a win for Samsung, as it pays Apple only about 6% of the $2.2 billion in damages it had been seeking. A couple million dollars here and there does not really bother these tech behemoths. The real specter surrounding Apple and its willful patent hunt against device manufacturers has little to do with Samsung or Motorola or LG or HTC or any of the dozens of other manufacturers that employ the Android operating system. The ghost that haunts Apple is not Samsung; it’s Google. Quick Thought: Google Expands Chrome OS Universe With Intel Microsoft's Windows and Apple's OS X need to keep an eye on Google. At a press event yesterday, Google and chip manufacturer Intel announced an agreement where Intel will supply its "Bay Trail-M" chips to Chromebooks, which will be made by a bevy of computer manufacturers, according to PCWorld's Mark Hachman, a former ReadWrite reporter. Rachel King at ZDNet says 20 Chromebooks will ship with Intel inside by the end of the year, up from just four Chromebooks in September 2013. LG, Acer, Asus and Lenovo (among others) will make low-cost Chromebooks with Intel's Celeron processor. Microsoft and Apple can be forgiven if they have a "here we go again" feeling when it comes to Google and Chrome OS. After all, Google has eaten just about everybody's lunch by spreading Android through the world with low-cost smartphones from a variety of manufacturers. With Intel and a host of manufacturers onboard for Chrome OS, Google's assault on the PC industry will soon kick into full force. Google’s Role In The Android Patent Trials Google was the giant, flying pink elephant hovering over the Apple vs. Samsung case like an alcoholic's deranged fever dream. During the course of the trial, facts emerged that Google would indemnify Samsung for two of the five patents Apple was suing over, promising to pay any damages that arose from the jury verdict. In the end, Google got off the hook as the jury found Samsung guilty of infringing the three other patents that, theoretically, had nothing to do with Google or Android. Jury foreman Tom Dunham, a retired IBM executive, told CNET’s Shara Tibken after the case that Google was of interest to the jury but ultimately did not play a part in the decision. Dunham proposed that, perhaps, Apple and Google should work out this whole patent thing together. As Dunham told CNET: "I guess if you really feel that Google is something that's the cause behind this, as I think everybody observed, then don't beat around the bush … The fact is Apple has [intellectual property] they believe in. So does Samsung. So does Google. Let the courts decide, but a more direct approach might be something to think about." The fact of the matter is that Apple has never gone directly after Google for patents used in Android phones. Up to this point, the company's legal strategy has been to go after manufacturers like Samsung because those are the companies really making money from device sales. Apple can recoup lost revenue and perhaps score an all-important import injunction of devices if it wins against an Android manufacturer. Google does not make its own phones (especially now with Motorola in process of being sold to Lenovo) and its makes money through services and advertisements. Attacking Google in court is much harder than attacking a proxy company like Samsung. For all its power, Samsung has again and again shown a willingness to copy products and gain massive market share before settling some nuisance lawsuits that come from its egregious practices. Google is not as roughshod as Samsung and has covered itself from lawsuits time after time through diligent, careful engineering and a platform agnostic approach to software distribution. Fun Fact: Did you know that the Earl of Sandwich's wife is called Lady Sandwich? The current Lady Sandwich is Susan Caroline Hayman, married to John Montagu, the 11th Earl of Sandwich, since 1968. For proof of just how hard it is to go after Google in court over Android, just ask Oracle. The once great server company wanted to sue Google over the use of Java in Android (a court case that was far more interesting than any Apple/Samsung patent trial because of the primary issue of whether APIs could be copyrighted or not) and was wholly shut down by judge and jury. In the end, Oracle’s rhetoric and its lawyer’s jabbering affected little change as Android has taken over the world of mobile computing. Apple And Google: Cold War Frenemies Apple and Google used to be great friends. Google’s chairman and former CEO Eric Schmidt used to be on Apple’s board of directors while Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin basically worshipped at the altar of Steve Jobs. The falling out between the companies started over Android, which Jobs promised to crush to his dying day. Schmidt vacated his Apple board seat in 2009. Apple and Google have been engaged in a cold war ever since. Just like the Russians and Americans never really engaged in direct warfare against each other, Apple and Google have never gone been to court as foes. In the cold war, the Russians invaded Afghanistan and the Americans supplied and taught the Afghani warlords to defend themselves. The Americans attacked Vietnam and the Russians and Chinese supplied and taught the Viet Cong. Apple attacks Samsung, and Google is there to indemnify its top manufacturer from significant damage. And so on. Quote Of The Day: "But Aliren should be conscious that, lying behind the massive allure of the capital market, there is unparalleled ruthlessness and pressure. In this market, only a small number of outstanding enterprises can maintain a gallop." ~ Alibaba founder Jack Ma in a letter to the company's employees (the Aliren) announcing Alibaba's filing for initial public offering in the United States. Apple and Google have even had their own version of the Cuban Missile Crisis. It was called "Apple Maps," and it involved Apple kicking Google Maps off of the iPhone and iPad as the default navigation app, starting with the release of iOS 6 in 2012. Google will eventually get its day in court to defend itself from Apple. Sort of. Google is currently battling a company called the Rockstar Consortium, a patent assertion entity (read: patent troll) that was created when a group of five companies (Apple, Microsoft, BlackBerry, Ericsson and Sony) bought Nortel’s patent portfolio for $4.5 billion at a bankruptcy auction in 2011. Rockstar is now suing Google over patents related to its search technology as well as basically every Android manufacturer it can find. Chinese manufacturer Huawei has already settled with Rockstar. Google will be a tougher nut to crack: It has already won a key point in the court battle, ensuring the trial will take place in California, not in U.S District Court, Eastern Texas Division (a court long favorable to patent assertion entities), as Rockstar had hoped. The Rockstar Consortium is just another proxy in Apple’s legal battles against Google and Android. So the cold war between two of the most dominant countries in the world will continue. More On Google, Apple & Samsung Recode's Ina Fried was on scene for just about the entire Apple/Samsung case and produced several good articles on the decision. Fried says Google's role in the case was "intriguing," but didn't determine the outcome. Fried also notes how Google came out a winner in the case when the jury found Samsung didn't violate the Google supported patents. Joel Rosenblatt at Bloomberg reports Samsung will appeal the decision. Of course Samsung will appeal, that's just how these things work. Samsung says that the verdict "was unsupported by evidence." John Jeff Roberts at Gigaom calls the entire trial a waste of time, except for fanboys and lawyers. Roberts has a good point in that the verdict means very little to consumers, Apple or Samsung in the general scheme of things. Vanity Fair's Kurt Eichenwald does a great job of re-reporting many things that were already known about the contention between Apple and Samsung. The Vanity Fair piece doesn't shed too much new information that wasn't already available to anybody that has been paying close attention to the court cases over the years, but is a great roundup of the dubious legal history of Samsung and Apple's battle to bring the Korean giant to heel. Lead image courtesy of Nerds On Call on Flickr
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